What should you know about heat pumps?

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Are you looking for an inexpensive, environmentally friendly and hassle-free way to heat your home? Then you will surely be interested in heat pumps. Using them brings a number of measurable benefits, not only financial ones. See what you should know about them.

What is it all about?

A heat pump is an ecological and cheap in operation device which may significantly reduce the costs of heating a building. Contrary to its name, pumps are used not only for heating but also for cooling and heating utility (tap) water.

A heat pump does not produce heat but extracts it from the environment – most often from the ground, but it is also possible to extract heat from water or air.

A source of electricity is necessary for the heat pump to work properly. More and more often you can see combinations of the pump with photovoltaics. This completely eliminates the bills for heating the house and water.

An interesting fact is that heat pumps, considered as a relatively new solution on the heating equipment market, have been mentioned for nearly 200 years. However, it was not until the first half of the twentieth century that pumps were actually popularized around the world. For several years the number of heat pumps in Poland has been clearly increasing. The reasons for such situation should be seen in higher and higher ecological awareness and significant decrease of equipment prices.

Principles of heat pumps operation

The principle of operation of a heat pump is somewhat similar to that of a refrigerator. In both cases heat is extracted from a colder place and transferred to a warmer one. However, a heat pump looks a bit like a refrigerator and its operation is a bit more complex.

The heat is extracted from the ground, air or water (the latter solution is chosen the most rarely) and transferred to heating media, most often floor or ceiling heating. Classical radiators hung on walls are rarely used with heat pumps.

If we wanted to put it in a scheme, it would look like this:

– Lower source of heat: ground, air, water,

– heat pump,

– upper source of heat – the heating system in the building.

Heat pumps – advantages

Using heat pumps, both in single- and multi-family buildings, brings a number of advantages:

– Savings. Traditional methods of heating buildings involve buying solid or liquid fuels or having to accept significantly higher bills for electric heating in winter. Pumps use renewable sources of heat, do not require fuels, and electricity consumption is much lower than in case of heating the house with it.

– Cleanliness. Anyone who has ever burned coal or eco-pea coal knows how dirty it is and how much work it takes to keep the stove clean. A heat pump does not generate soot or ash. It also does not produce other side effects.

– Ecology. Using a heat pump to heat a building is one of the more ecological solutions. In this case the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and the generation of waste associated with burning solid fuels are completely eliminated.

– Lack of own work. Once started up, the heat pump will work for several dozen years. There is no need to add coal to it, no need to remember about buying oil, no need for cleaning. It is convenience, ecology and savings in one. An investment that will surely pay off over the years.

Main photo: material from the client

Peter Bowers

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