Ceiling heating is considered as surface heating, which includes also underfloor water and electric heating. It guarantees reduction of dust circulation in rooms, as well as even heat distribution in interiors, where it will be applied. So what is it about and what are its types?
What is ceiling heating?
Ceiling heating, as the name suggests, consists in placing heating elements on the ceiling. They heat the surface of the ceiling to the temperature ranging from 35 to maximum 40 degrees Celsius, which transfers heat to the rooms. The most important rule with ceiling heating is that the surface of the ceiling cannot be heated to too high a temperature as this could lead to damage to the ceiling structure, so all heating is based on heating a large area, generating an increase in room temperature.
The advantages of ceiling heating include
- visibility of the heating elements,
- lack of arrangement limitations, as in the case of classic radiator or floor heating,
- reduced circulation of dust and mites in rooms
Among ceiling heating methods, two types of installation are distinguished, which differ slightly in their operation and in the elements used for their implementation
Electric ceiling heating
This type of heating installation for efficient operation requires only a connection to the electrical system. Supporters of this method, as its main advantage point to the fact that it can be turned on throughout the year, and not only during the heating season. In addition, electric ceiling heating in comparison with classical heating or water method is much more beneficial financially. This is because it does not require the use of heat pumps or specialized condensation boilers. However, in later use it may generate higher costs, connected with using electric energy for heating. However, the solution to this problem can be solar panels installed on roofs, obtaining energy to power electric ceiling heating
Some of the most popular installation items for electric ceiling heating include heating mats and foils
Water ceiling heating
Water ceiling heating, unlike the previous installation, is part of a central heating system by connecting it through a manifold to a heat source, which can be heat pumps or a low-temperature boiler. All elements of the water ceiling heating system, such as the layout of the pipes or the diameter of the pipes are always adjusted to the specific heat demand in a given room
The water ceiling heating itself usually uses pipes of 10 to 15 millimeters in diameter, arranged in meanders in circuits, which are connected with a distributor. Therefore, the installation of this type of heating is not the simplest
However, there is another solution that allows you to use water ceiling heating, and these are capillary mats. They are built of thin and densely spaced tubes fixed on a flexible grid. Their installation is much simpler than in the previous case, and in addition allows you to use ceiling heating also for cooling rooms in the summer, by filling their interior with cold water
Disadvantages of ceiling heating
Despite the fact that ceiling heating is beginning to become more and more popular in our country, this solution has one disadvantage that should be kept in mind. In case of installation failure, it requires the destruction of the ceiling layers in order to get to its elements. Additionally, unlike underfloor heating, in this case the heat is distributed from the top to the bottom, which may pose a problem especially for families with children, who in the first years of their life spend a large part of the day playing on the floor.